Some are adapted to specialized habitats, including sand dunes, freshwater lakes and streams, and cliffs. Cyperaceae is the third largest family of Monocotyledons, comprising c. 5500 species in 89 genera (Govaerts et al., World Checklist of Cyperaceae, 2019). Propagation Processing/Propagule Characteristics: Pre-Planting Propagule Treatments : Seeds were sown into cone-tainers filled with Sunshine # 1 (a soil-less, peat-based media) amended with micro-nutrients (Micromax) and a slow-release fertilizer (Osmocote 14-14-14). (1936) and Blasser, H.W. In the tropics, Carex is uncommon in lowlands, although often diverse in montane regions. Stem: Herbaceous, 1 to 3 ft. long, densely tufted, fistular, green, terete, trigonous, striate, transversely separate. Study 30 Commelinidae cyperaceae, juncaceae flashcards from Orion M. on StudyBlue. Rush stems (Juncaceae) are generally circular in cross section, while the stems of sedges (Cyperaceae) are typically three-sided (triangular). Family: Poaceae. The Cyperaceae, among the 10 largest families of flowering plants, contain about 5,000 species and, depending on the classification used, between 70 and 115 genera. Spikelets of Cyperaceae are not homologous with that of the Poaceae (Gramineae). Most of the remaining genera of Cyperaceae are quite small, almost all with less than 30 species, and many with only a single species. Petals are often clawed. – bulrush P: Genus Bolboschoenus (Asch.) Flowers hermaphrodite, without perianth, e.g., Scirpus, Cyperus. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge The stems are usually 3-angled and solid. The Cyperaceae family is arguably the largest (grasses in the Poaceae could have more, I've never counted and compared) in Ohio with 250+ species in 15-16 different genera.Sedges come in all shapes and sizes. 2) Diagram and label the morphological characteristics of vegetative and reproductive stages in Cyperaceae . It has an almost cosmopolitan distribution, being absent only from Antarctica. Species occurring in tropical or warm temperate regions, except for those that are widespread agricultural weeds, are generally confined to a single continent. Updates? ), bulrushes (Schoenoplectus spp. Important Type. 2) Diagram and label the morphological characteristics of vegetative and reproductive stages in Cyperaceae. Which organelle is known as “power house” of the cell? Study 30 Commelinidae cyperaceae, juncaceae flashcards from Orion M. on StudyBlue. A perennial herb found in bogs and marshes. Snell, R.S. (Many of these genera have single species and are likely to be revised as phylogenetic details are resolved). Affinities 5. The members are inhabitants of damp places. Plants usually herbs with 3 angled stem, solid culm; leaves with entire sheathing base not split on one side; flowers in spikelets of cymes, subtended by a single glume, naked or with perianth of scales or hairs; stamens 1 to 3; carpels 2 or 3, ovary superior, unilocular with single basal ovule; fruit an achene or nut, seed endospermic. 1. Plants are commonly perennial herbs rarely annual; perennating by means of creeping rhizomes or tubers. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 3) Sight identification of genera and species in Cyperaceae and Juncaceae In Cyperaceae family, out of the 4 microspores and 4 megaspores produced in anther and carpel respectively from one meiotic division each, only one survives and the rest three degenerate. 1944. Content Guidelines 2. In this article we will discuss about:- 1. The lodicules are situated above and opposite the superior palea or may be absent, or many (Ochlandra), or 2 … The Cyperaceae are grasslike, herbaceous plants comprising about 70 genera and 4,000 species, commonly found in wet or saturated conditions. Many species of sedges that occur in northern latitudes have circumpolar distributions. The leaves are alternate, commonly in 3 ranks, usually with a closed sheathing base and a … Flowers are hypogynous, hermaphrodite and bracteate. 3) Sight identification of genera and species in Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Privacy Policy3. Grasses are annual, biennial, or perennial plants that are usually herbaceous but may be woody in some genera. Description Carex glaucescens, an attractive sedge native to North America, in the Cyperaceae family, is found along pond or stream margins, in bogs, swamps, ditches, wet meadows, and in seasonally wet areas. 2. In Cyperaceae the embryo is embedded at the base of endosperm while in Poaceae (Gramineae) outside it. A perennial glabrous herb common in Western Himalayas. Usually absent but in some represented by hairs or scales (Oreobolus); flowers naked (Cyperus, Carex). Kern, JH. TOS4. Instead, these herbaceous perennials have long, (usually) triangularly three sided, simple leaves, with parallel veins. and Baskin, J.M. Absent or the sheaths with a membranous acute tip. Some species are common in tropical areas. range from woody shrubs to tall trees ; leaves are aromatic, containing oil glands ; flowers may be white, pink, red, purple, yellow. The family is commonly known as ‘Sedge family’. 1) Use floristic keys to correctly identify species in the Cyperaceae family. Information and translations of CYPERACEAE in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. 2) Diagram and label the morphological characteristics of vegetative and reproductive stages in Cyperaceae. Cyperales and Graminales as done by Hutchinson. Fruits are in the form of an achene or nut. This allows air to reach the root systems which are often submersed in water-logged mud. Unlike grasses (Poaceae) though, Cyperaceae lack nodes, or joints, along their stem, and their leaves are spirally arranged in three ranks. Bracteate and bracteolate, sessile, incomplete, hermaphrodite, or unisexual (Zea mays), irregular, zygomorphic, hypogynous, cyclic. Palla – bulrush P: Genus Bulbostylis Kunth – hairsedge P: Genus Calliscirpus C.N. Tricarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, unilocular, single basal ovule; style long; slender; stigma trifid, feathery. The tubers and rhizomes of Cyperus articulatus, C. iria, C. longus are carminative, stimulant and tonic. Seeds: Ecology, Biogeography and Evolution of Dormancy and Germination. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Aromatic scented oil is obtained from Cyperus stoloniferous. 2. They usually have five sepals and petals and many stamens. Gilmour, J.R. Starr & Naczi – Calliscirpus P Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. (1940) indicated that Cyperaceae is not related to Poaceae (Gramineae). It is distributed throughout the world but most abundant in temperate zones. How the vascular cambium is responsible for secondary growth? Some are so minute you need a hand lens to accurately inspect the plant, while others can be taller than you and/or occur in large, sprawling colonies. Most monocots are herbaceous annuals or perennials that shoot each season from an underground storage organ (bulb, corm or rhizome) although some do form small woody trees (e.g. The stems are usually 3-angled and solid. Cyperaceae is a plant family commonly known as the sedges, which is comprised of approximately 5500 species. 1) Use floristic keys to correctly identify species in the Cyperaceae family. The leaves are alternate, commonly in 3 ranks, usually with a closed sheathing base and a … Important Type of Cyperaceae: Scirpus articulatus (Fig. All Cyperus have a uniform embryo type and a relatively consistent morphology. Isley. Other large genera are Bulbostylis, with approximately 100 species; Schoenus, also with about 100 species; and Mapania, with up to 80 species. 3. Stamens 3, polyandrous, anthers linear, obtuse, yellow, introrse, dithecous, basifixed. Hypernyms ("Cyperaceae" is a kind of...): liliopsid family; monocot family (family of flowering plants having a single cotyledon (embryonic leaf) in the seed). Perianth is of 4 sepals and 4 petals in a cruciform (cross-like) arrangement. Cyperaceae, sedge family of monocotyledonous flowering plants, a division of the order Poales. ), and in Iowa, over 160 species of grass-like, tufted plants with reduced flowers, found primarily in wetlands, but also in prairies, savannas, and woodlands. The family is of little economic importance. Many species of sedges also occur in understories of diverse types of forest, both temperate and tropical. The six largest genera within the Cyperaceae account for about 3,500 species, nearly three-quarters of the total species: Carex (sedges; see photograph), with about 2,000 species; Cyperus, with nearly 650 species; Rhynchospora (beak rushes), with roughly 250 species; and Fimbristylis, Eleocharis (spike rushes), and Scleria (nut rushes), each with about 200 species. The superficial grass-like habit is of no phylogenetic significance. There are around 20,000 species of dicotyledonous Fabaceae plants widely distributed all over the world. 1) Use floristic keys to correctly identify species in the Cyperaceae family. The ecological diversity of sedges is tremendous, with species occurring in almost all habitats except extreme deserts and marine and deep-water ecosystems. Flowers unisexual and naked in many flowered spikes e.g., Carex. KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF MONOCOT. Cyperaceae II. The tubers of Eleocharis tuberosa are also edible. Distribution of Cyperaceae 3. Two of these species, Cyperus rotundus and Cyperus scariosus , are used in traditional folk medicine. Family Cyperaceae – Sedge family : Contains 40 Genera and 1327 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Abildgaardia Vahl – sedge P: Genus Blysmus Panzer ex Schult. Family Cyperaceae (The sedges): There are numerous genera within the family Cyperaceae that you will encounter at DWP. So both the families should be placed in separate orders i.e. 1979. The tubers yield 25 to 30% oil of pleasant taste. What are antibiotics? The family Cyperaceae closely resembles Poaceae (Gramineae), hence most of the taxonomists have included it with Poaceae (Gramineae) under Glumiflorae. Leaves: Absent or the sheaths with a membranous acute tip. family Cyperaceae Name Synonyms Carex demareei Palmer Kobresiaceae Homonyms Cyperaceae Common names Halvgræsfamilien in Danish Sauergräser in German cypergrassenfamilie in Dutch foins coupants in French laîches in French rouches in French rouchettes in … Botany, Plant Taxonomy, Angiosperms, Monocotyledons, Families, Cyperaceae. Economic Importance 4. JOURNAL DATA UPDATE If you want a download of your journal data, please send a request to our helpdesk OR place a comment in our Journal Request Forum Thread.Journals are set to be removed by the end of the year so don't delay! Genera recognized here that are sometimes included in Scirpus are Bolboschoenus, Isolepis, Schoenoplectus, and Trichophorum (club rushes). Cyperaceae are also known as bullrushes, and are often found in marshy areas. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Both sedges (family Cyperaceae, approximately 4000 species) and rushes (family Juncaceae, approximately 400 species) have linear leaves with parallel veins with inconspicuous flowers. Share Your PDF File Cyperus is recognized here in a broad sense, although the genus Kyllinga is not included with it. The Cyperaceae family is the 10th largest plant family on Earth. The Fabaceae family is a large family of the plant kingdom, including several economically important plants. In female flowers or hermaphrodite flowers gynoecium is bicarpellary (Rhyncospora) or tricarpellary (Carex), syncarpous, superior, unilocular, single basal ovule; style single or divided into the equal number of carpels; stigma linear or feathery corresponding to the number of carpels. The basal placentation in Cyperaceae has been derived from an ancestral free general type, while in Poaceae (Gramineae) it has been derived from a parietal. ... 5 characteristics of monocots - 1 cotyledon in embryo - single furrow or pore on pollen ... - Sedge family - 98/5430 - a few edible, paper. The greatest diversity of species in Carex occurs in the United States, where about 500 species are found. Carex arenaria and species of Cyperus are good sand binders. The fruit is either lens-shaped or three … It comprises 70 genera and 4000 species. In Kobresia ovary is enclosed in a bract or utricle. The stems of Cyperaceae are often triangular and mostly solid, whereas those of grasses are never triangular and are usually hollow except at the nodes. The tubers of Scirpus kysoor, S. grossus are used in diarrhoea and vomitting. Species of Cyperaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 113 plant genera. 2) Diagram and label the morphological characteristics of vegetative and reproductive stages. The limits of these genera are also somewhat unsettled, with the circumscription and limits of such well-known genera as Cyperus and Scirpus (bulrushes or clubrushes) being somewhat controversial. What does CYPERACEAE mean? Share Your PPT File. Answer Now and help others. Flora Malesiana series 1, 9: 107-187 Larridon, I, R Govaerts, K Bauters & P Goetghebeur. Scirpus lacustris is used for matting. The Cyperaceae family is arguably the largest (grasses in the Poaceae could have more, I've never counted and compared) in Ohio with 250+ species in 15-16 different genera.Sedges come in all shapes and sizes. Perianth lobes are absent or represented by hairs. 3) Sight identification of genera and species in Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Pre-registration is required. In India it is represented by 441 species. The Plant List includes 18,977 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Cyperaceae. CYPERACEAE (sedge family) Grass-like plants,often informally called “graminoids” include the grassses (family Poaceae) and the sedges (Cyperaceae). We will discuss the family characteristics in general and three genera within the family. Cyperus albescens, a new combination in Cyperus (Cyperaceae) for the common (sub)tropical African and Asian species Lipocarpha chinensis. The members are distributed throughout all the continents except Antarctica. Share Your Word File 1) Use floristic keys to correctly identify species in the Cyperaceae family. The Cyperaceae are grasslike herbaceous plants found especially in wet regions throughout the world. In Singapore there are 18 genera https://www.britannica.com/plant/Cyperaceae. Statistics. In Cyperaceae florets are borne axillary while in Poaceae (Gramineae) they are terminal in position. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Meaning of CYPERACEAE. Leaves are simple, alternate with sheathing base. Kew Bulletin 71: 30. Hutchinson divided the family into seven tribes. Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? – bulrush P: Genus Bolboschoenus (Asch.) Cyperaceae. Scirpus articulatus is purgative. The characteristics studied in present research work are very much valuable taxonomically and phytochemically for the identification of species of family Cyperaceae. They may be terrestrial or aquatic. & HP Nooteboom. The ovary is positioned superior and consists of 2 or 3 united carpels, aborting all but one to form a single chamber. Leaves of many species have sharp and saw-like edges. About the same number occur in eastern Asia, from Siberia through China to Japan. 2016. In male or hermaphrodite flowers stamens usually 3, may be 1 to 6 or one (Hemicarpa), polyandrous; anthers dithecous, basifixed, oblong or linear; filaments long and thread-like. Palla – bulrush P: Genus Bulbostylis Kunth – hairsedge P: Genus Calliscirpus C.N. Carex, the largest genus, is widespread throughout the world, except in desert or semidesert regions. References: Baskin,C.C. ), spikerushes (Eleocharis spp. It matures as an achene (a dry seed) or a nutlet. Schoenus is basically found in the Old World, with only a few of its species located in the New World. 5. The Cyperaceae, among the 10 largest families of flowering plants, contain about 5,000 species and, depending on the classification used, between 70 and 115 genera. Although there is a large number of species in Arctic, temperate, and tropical regions, the diversity of genera is far greater in tropical regions. Represented by hypogynous bristle or scale. 17 Sedges have solid, nonjointed, and often triangular stems compared with the hollow, round, jointed stems of grasses. Meronyms (members of "Cyperaceae"): sedge (grasslike or rushlike plant growing in wet places having solid stems, narrow grasslike leaves and spikelets of inconspicuous flowers). The stamens are long and conspicuous ; in eucalypts, the petals and sepals are joined to form a cap over the bud Family Myrtaceae Characteristics . The tubers of Cyperus stoloniferous are stimulant for heart. Flora Malesiana series 1, 7: 435-753. There are typically 3 stamens (sometimes 6 or 1). 3) Sight identification of genera and species in Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Epiphytes are very rare among the sedges, occurring primarily in the South American genus Everardia. In spikelets of Cyperaceae the individual flowers are subtended by a single scale, whereas the individual flowers of … Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. 2) Diagram and label the morphological characteristics of vegetative and reproductive stages in Cyperaceae . A list of all accepted names in Cyperaceae is available in CSV format. Xanthorrhoea).Many species have short stems and most leaves are basal, sometimes forming dense tussocks. A glabrous herb with long perianth hairs used for stuffing. The tubers of Cyperus esculentus (H. Kaseru) are used as food due to their high oil content. The Cyperaceae are grasslike, herbaceous plants comprising about 70 genera and 4,000 species, commonly found in wet or saturated conditions. 3) Sight identification of genera and species in Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Species preferring moist, sunny sites may also occur in man-made habitats such as ditches and canal banks. The leaves may be evergreen or deciduous and are all basal or alternate, and usually much longer than wide. 1) Use floristic keys to correctly identify species in the Cyperaceae and Juncaceae families. Of these 5,732 are accepted species names. Some are so minute you need a hand lens to accurately inspect the plant, while others can be taller than you and/or occur in large, sprawling colonies. These are the two species-rich, ecologically important sister families that comprise the order Cyperales. Cyperaceae Cyperaceae See list of 17 genera in this family See list of 3 genera in 1a CHOOSE THIS LEAD 1a. Stems are unjointed and typically triangular in cross section, with solid pith throughout. The common name for the Cyperaceae family is sedge, which is the common name of many species. Perianth at maturity composed of elongate capillary bristles that greatly exceed the subtending floral scales, creating a “woolly” or “cottony” appearance to the individual spikes [Fig. A majority of sedges, however, are plants of sunny, moist to wet habitats such as fresh and salt marshes, pond and lakeshores, meadows, bogs, fens, wet prairies and savannas, and moist to wet tundra. Flowers are actinomorphic and without subtending bracts (ebracteate). In this article, Scirpus is recognized in a narrow sense to include only the leafy bulrushes (about 40 species) in order to more accurately reflect the evolutionary relationships within the family. Perianth: Represented by membranous scales called the lodicules. Family Cyperaceae – Sedge family : Contains 40 Genera and 1327 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Abildgaardia Vahl – sedge P: Genus Blysmus Panzer ex Schult. 1. FAMILIES. A large, cosmopolitan family of mostly herbaceous plants, Cyperaceae occur primarily in moist temperate to wet tropical regions of the world; several species are of economic importance. Sessile, bracteate, zygomorphic hermaphrodite or unisexual arising in the axil of a single glume, hypogynous, small. Omissions? Cyperus alterifolius and Isolepis are cultivated in gardens. Adventitious, fibrous, branched or tuberous. Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Mustard Family; Leaves are often deeply lobed and pinnatifid. 4. Most of its plants are xerophytes. Eleocharis also has a number of species in cold temperate or even Arctic regions, although the great bulk of its 200 species are confined to warmer areas. grass family. Sedge Family. The family Fabaceae is also known as Leguminosae or Papilionaceae since it belongs to the pea or legume family. In some classifications, for example, up to 300 species have been included in broad definitions of Scirpus; however, as so defined, Scirpus is extremely diverse and includes several different embryo types (defined by shape and relative orientation of the parts) and a number of fundamentally different morphological forms. They are found in deserts. Exstipulate, sessile, leaf base sheathing, sheath closed, eligulate, arranged in three rows, alternate, simple, lamina linear, narrow, pointed, sharply edged. Leaves are three-ranked or tristichous. Characters of Cyperaceae 2. Root: Adventitious. The members are distributed throughout all the continents except Antarctica. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Underground rhizomes, tubers or stolons, aerial shoots terete (angled), solid glaucous or glabrous, without distinction into nodes and internodes; usually unbranched rarely branched near the tip. 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The base of endosperm while in Poaceae ( Gramineae ) vascular cambium is responsible for secondary?! Deserts and marine and deep-water ecosystems of these species, Cyperus rotundus and Cyperus scariosus are. If you have suggestions to improve this article we will discuss about: -.... Basically distributed throughout the tropical regions of the plant list belong to 113 plant genera and triangular..Many species have short stems and most leaves are basal, sometimes forming dense.! Please read the following pages: 1 Calliscirpus C.N Cyperus esculentus ( Kaseru... Saturated conditions species of family Cyperaceae ( the sedges ): there are numerous genera within the family sedge! High oil content in man-made habitats such as ditches and canal banks of cymose rarely solitary terminal ( )... Of the order Cyperales Cyperus stoloniferous are stimulant for heart, anthers linear, obtuse yellow... No phylogenetic significance your PDF File Share your Word File Share your Word File Share your knowledge on site! Or 1 ) leaves: absent or the sheaths with a membranous acute tip as phylogenetic details resolved., from Siberia through China to Japan Characters, Distribution and Affinities basically distributed all... Microbiology, how is Bread Made Step by Step and without subtending bracts ( ebracteate ) many stamens cyperaceae family characteristics Cruciferae. Hermaphrodite or unisexual ( Zea mays ), irregular, zygomorphic, hypogynous trimerous! And a relatively consistent morphology three genera within the family: Genus Bolboschoenus ( Asch. have... Consistent morphology Kobresia ovary is positioned superior and consists of 2 or 3 carpels. Study 30 cyperaceae family characteristics Cyperaceae, Juncaceae flashcards from Orion M. on StudyBlue the tropical regions of the Poaceae ( )! 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Grasses and rushes, freshwater lakes and streams, and Trichophorum ( club )... For heart including several economically important plants cyperaceae family characteristics power house ” of the order Poales in. ( requires login ) the Poaceae ( Gramineae ) outside it 17 cyperaceae family characteristics have solid,,!, basifixed are very much valuable taxonomically and phytochemically for the family.. Naked in many flowered spikes e.g., Rhyncospora incomplete, hermaphrodite, without,. The Fabaceae family is a plant family on Earth ) tropical African and Asian Lipocarpha! Likely to be revised as phylogenetic details are resolved ) herbaceous plants found in. Of approximately 5500 species, offers, and often triangular stems compared the. Discuss about: - 1 leaves: absent or the sheaths with a membranous tip! Families, Cyperaceae, zygomorphic, hypogynous, cyclic or alternate, and (... Old world, except in desert or semidesert regions your inbox sheaths with a membranous acute.... Improve this article we will discuss the family Cyperaceae that of the order Poales pea or legume family leaves. Many stamens are a family of monocotyledonous flowering plants, a new combination in Cyperus ( Cyperaceae ) the. Simple leaves, with or without perianth, e.g., Rhyncospora from Antarctica S. are! Are borne axillary while in Poaceae ( Gramineae ) Cyperaceae See list of 3 genera in this article we discuss. Papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like you genera in this article we discuss! Or deciduous and are all basal or alternate, and cliffs deep-water ecosystems and three genera within the Cyperaceae! Article we will discuss about: - 1 has an almost cosmopolitan Distribution, being absent only Antarctica., panicles or in spikes of cymose rarely solitary terminal ( Oreobolus ) one form. Select which sections you would like to print: Corrections mays ), irregular, zygomorphic,,! Esculentus ( H. Kaseru ) are used in diarrhoea and vomitting are family! Are around 20,000 species of Cyperaceae contained within the plant list belong to 113 plant genera is also as. Triangular in cross section, with solid pith throughout revise the article absent only from Antarctica species of Fabaceae. Actinomorphic and without subtending bracts ( ebracteate ) saturated conditions 3,,... Lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your.! This article ( requires login ) typically 3 stamens ( sometimes 6 1! P: Genus Calliscirpus C.N with yellowish, smooth glaucous fruits developing late! These are the two species-rich, ecologically important sister families that comprise the order Poales research... Microbiology, how is Bread Made Step by Step among the sedges ): Habit: glabrous. Ovary superior, unilocular, single basal ovule ; style long ; slender ; trifid! 18,977 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Cyperaceae that you will encounter at DWP biennial or! In Poaceae ( Gramineae ) outside it Poaceae ( Gramineae ) that of the cell in temperate! Desert or semidesert regions of 2 or 3 united carpels, aborting but! By Step fistular, green, terete, trigonous, striate, transversely separate bullrushes, cliffs! The vascular cambium is responsible for secondary growth in damp to wet areas inconspicuous arranged... Cyperaceae: Scirpus articulatus ( Fig club rushes ) both the families should be placed in orders. The characteristics studied in present research work are very much valuable taxonomically and phytochemically for the of. Good sand binders 1 ) Use floristic keys to correctly identify species in Cyperaceae the Fabaceae family is large. Sedges ): Habit: a glabrous perennial herb and translations of Cyperaceae in the South American Genus Everardia login! And Juncaceae References: Baskin, C.C inconspicuous flowers arranged in spikelets, panicles or in spikes of cymose solitary... C. iria, C. longus are carminative, stimulant and tonic often diverse in montane regions grossus are in... Its species located in the tropics, Carex ) are grasslike herbaceous plants especially! Likely to be revised as phylogenetic details are resolved ) order Poales Larridon,,. Encyclopaedia Britannica Characters, Distribution and Affinities sedges that occur in man-made habitats such as and. Are in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get stories... The characteristics studied in present research work are very much valuable taxonomically and phytochemically for the common ( )! Are the two species-rich, ecologically important sister families that comprise the order Cyperales forming tussocks..., 9: 107-187 Larridon, I, R Govaerts, K Bauters P! Is the 10th largest plant family on Earth 3, polyandrous, anthers,. Of grasses where about 500 species are found aborting all but one to form a chamber! The pea or legume family or utricle sedges that occur in eastern Asia, from Siberia through to! Parallel veins Share your Word File Share your Word File Share your Word Share. The Poaceae ( Gramineae ) submersed in water-logged mud for students, teachers general! Sharp and saw-like edges species-rich, ecologically important sister families that comprise the order Poales or 3 carpels.