Age Range 1. Cold is a factor in their distribution, and things are getting warmer. Range and Distribution The Virginia opossum is the only native marsupial present in North America north of Mexico, and it occurs from southern Ontario and British Columbia, Canada, through much of the United States and Mexico to northwestern Costa Rica. Learn everything you need to know about opossum facts, behavior and habitat. Virginia opossums have robust bodies and short legs with sharp claws. The Virginia opossum ranges in color from a light gray in the north to a dark gray in the southern part of the range. At the start of the 20th century, the Virginia opossum was "known only from a few specimens from the southernmost part of the state." And they often prefer to “play possum” in stressful situations and hope the problem goes away, rather than confront it head-on. Virginia Opossum: Didelphis virginiana: Washington Ground Squirrel: Spermophilus washingtoni: Water Shrew: Sorex palustris: Western Gray Squirrel: Sciurus griseus: Western Harvest Mouse: Reithrodontomys megalotis: Western Jumping Mouse: Zapus princeps: Western Pipistrelle: Pipistrellus hesperus: White-tailed Deer: Odocoileus virginianus In that sense, Virginia opossums (Didelphis virginiana) are perfectly suited for life in the city.They avoid unwanted attention by foraging primarily at night. The Virginia opossum occurs from southern Canada to northern Costa Rica. Opossum. The Virginia opossum’s northernmost range reaches into Southern and Southeastern Ontario, Southern Quebec and the lower Fraser Valley in British Columbia. They measure 13–37 in (35–94 cm) long from their snout to the base of the tail, with the tail adding another 8.5–19 in (21.6–47 cm). Middle Pleistocene to Holocene Epochs; late Irvingtonian to present land mammal age 2. All of Wisconsin is considered prime habitat for the opossum. The opossum is a successful scavenger, thanks to its adaptability and excellent immune system. Of the 100+ opossum species in the world, the most common and recognizable in the United States is the Virginia opossum. Carrion and insects are usually the principal foods, but fruits, berries and grains, green vegetation, earthworms, and fungi may also be important (Hamilton 1958, McManus 1974, Gardner 1982). Whether fair or not, Virginia Opossums are often characterized by a long face, that many people consider to resemble a big, ugly “grin. They have long, hairless, prehensile tails and feet with an opposable hallux (or thumb) that help them hold on to branches. Then a 1968 road kill study found that opossums … Their total length varies between 350 and 940 mm. Although they usually inhabit forested areas, they can easily adapt to urban and suburban environments. Sign up for Virginia is for Lovers Emails now! In the wild, these snakes eat primarily small mammals, especially cotton rats and cottontail rabbits, as well as some birds. The red dots on the map show documented opossum collecting locations dating from 1889 to 1979. It is also found in Mexico and Central America. Below, explore facts about the Virginia opossum including its habits and how to identify damage. It is now common in the Puget Trough from the Columbia River to the Canadian border. Most Virginia opossums have white cheek hairs. However, it is extremely common for Americans to colloquially use the word “possum” when referring to an opossum. In comparison to other opossums, it is rather cute, with a thick coat of fur, gray in color with extensive reddish or … Opossums range from Costa Rica north through Mexico and the central and eastern half of the United States to southeastern Canada. The map below illustrates the established range of the nine-banded armadillo (as of 1995) in dark green, with the estimated potential future range in light green. An interesting exception appears to be the Virginia opossum, an abundant mammal across their range, which is immune to the venom of this rattlesnake. Males are larger than females, weighing 0.8 to 6.4 kg, while females weigh 0.3 to 3.7 kg. Up to half of this, however, is often in their thin, fleshy tails alone. The Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana) is a medium-sized animal with long, rather coarse fur; a sharp slender muzzle; prominent, thin, naked ears; short legs all about the same length; and a long grasping tail covered with scales and scant hairs.Opossums are in the family Marsupialia, which comes from a Latin word meaning "pouch" and refers to the pouch on the belly of … Adults usually weigh between 6 and 13 pounds, and their bodies, from nose-tip to tail-tip, are between 2 and 3 feet long. 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