Other important facts are: 1. Historically, elephants were classified into two species, the African (Loxodonta africana) and Asian (Elephas maximus) elephants. Extinct Javan elephants may have been rediscovered – in Borneo [Wildlife Extra News Story], Satellite tracking of Borneo’s Pygmy Elephants, WWF and Sabah Wildlife Department, 2005-2006, Origins of the elephants Elephas maximus L. of Borneo, 2007, Earl of Cranbrook, J.Payne, Charles. Smallest among the Asian elephant subspecies, the Borneo elephant is currently listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List and has been since 1986. NAME Species: Borneo Pygmy Elephant Scientific Name: Elephas Maximus Borneensis Status: Endangered Habitat: Forests Population: Approximately 1,500 The baby-faced pygmy elephant of Borneo, with its oversized ears and plump belly was isolated at least 18,000 years ago from its cousins on mainland Asia and Sumatra. They are generally more rotund in appearance with shorter trunks and a smaller rounder face, which makes their ears appear larger. Taxonomic list. Due to extensive habitat loss, today, many Bornean elephants spend much of their time in plantations or travel through them to reach fragmented forest patches. Pygmy elephants are genetically different from their other Asian elephant cousins, according to WWF. Shrinking forests bring the elephants into more frequent contact with people, increasing human-elephant conflict in the region. Pronunciation of borneo pygmy elephant with 1 audio pronunciation, 10 translations and more for borneo pygmy elephant. In English known as the Borneo Pygmy Elephant Elephant or Borneo. Did you know? Scientific Name: Elephas maximus sumatranus Number Left: 2,400 - 2,800 The Sumatran Elephant shares an environment with several other endangered species, including the Sumatran rhino, tiger, and orangutan. Encountering a herd of elephants is an unforgettable experience and will be a highlight of your trip. Their presence on this southeastern Asian island has been a mystery. Unfortunately, the increase in global demand for palm oil has led to increased human-elephant conflict and the elephants are now severely threatened by habitat loss as deforestation for oil palm plantations and logging continues. Frederick Nutter Chasen classified all three as subspecies of the Asian elephant in 1940. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Borneo Elephant de la plus haute qualité. Elephas maximus borneensis. The Borneo elephant is known as a subspecies of the Asian elephant. Based on the study, WWF has made recommendations to help manage elephant forests, identify elephant corridors and maintain critical forest areas. DNA analysis proved that they were derived from Sudanic stock but there is a significant difference between as the Borneo elephant was evolved over time. Kingdom - Animalia Phylum - Chordata Class - Mammalia Order - Proboscidea Family - Elephantidae Genus - Elephas Species - Elephas Maximus. Yes. The Bornean Elephant is a subspecies of the Asian Elephant, physically and behaviourally different from the elephants of mainland Asia. The Sri Lankan is physically the largest of the subspecies, and also the darkest in colour. Wikipedia Wikipedia Scientific name… As of 2019, four subspecies of the Asian elephant have been officially identified: Borneo Elephant (Elephas maximus borneensis) Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) Sri Lankan Elephant (Elephas maximus maximus) Home About Fast Facts Food Web Conservation Donate Bibliography Scientific Name. They are native to Borneo Island. Their tail is so long that it often touches ground in standing position. While there is a scientific name called as Elephas maximus Elephas maximus borneensis or sometimes sondaicus. However, in the Lower Kinabatangan, in the state of Sabah, Malaysian Borneo, elephants are hostile towards any man-made objects within the forest. Scientific name -- Loxodonta africana Size -- Up to 14,300 lbs. Description. Any person guilty of an elephant hunt shall be liable to a fine of $ 50,000 or five years imprisonment or both RM. The first scientific description of the African elephant was written in 1797 by Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, who proposed the scientific name Elephas africanus. The Borneo elephant is the smallest sub-specie of Asian elephants. Description of this Magestic elephant . For example, the Borneo elephant has increasingly come into conflict with the expansion of human agriculture activities in its natural habitat. The Bornean Elephant is the largest of Borneo’s mammals, but when in the forest these elephants are able to move freely without causing damage to trees and smaller vegetation. Elephantidae (family) Elephants belong to the family Elephantidae, which includes the three other extant species of elephants as well as the extinct species like straight-tusked elephants and mammoths. No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died, Known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalised population, Facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the Wild, Facing a high risk of extinction in the Wild, Likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future, Does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, or Near Threatened. 2. Pygmy elephants live in a several locations in Sabah with the largest populations found in the central forest of Sabah and the Kinabatangan flood plain. Asian elephants differ in several ways from their African relatives. Asian elephants differ in several ways from their African relatives. Cacophony - License Information. The Savannah Elephant is known to be the heaviest and largest terrestrial animal. Gestation period i… Scientific Name: Elephas maximus borneensis Status: Endangered Number Remaining: estimated 1,500 Average Height: 8.2 - 9.8 feet Scientists once believed this petite pachyderm descended from a domesticated collection of elephants. The Borneo elephant is the smallest sub-specie of Asian elephants. Borneo Elephant Animal Pictures. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Scientific Name: Elephas maximus indicus The Indian elephant is a sub-species of The Asian Elephant family which consists of the Indian Elephant, the Sumatran Elephant, the Sri-Lanka and the Borneo elephant. The information they collect from these collars helps the conservationists better protect the elephants and develop strategies to reduce instances of human wildlife conflict. Since 1986, the Asian elephant has been listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red Listas the population has declined by at least 50% over the last three generations, estimated t… Home ranges: Southeastern Asia, including India, Thailand, Nepal, Sumatra, Cambodia, Myanmar, Bhutan, Borneo, Vietnam, Bangladesh and China. When you think of an elephant you typically think of a massive animal, but the Borneo pygmy elephant is quite different. Classification. World Wildlife Fund Inc. is a nonprofit, tax-exempt charitable organization (tax ID number 52-1693387) under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Scientific Name: Elephas maximus borneensis Status: Endangered Number Remaining: estimated 1,500 Average Height: 8.2 - 9.8 feet Scientists once believed this petite pachyderm descended from a domesticated collection of elephants. The scientific name of the Borneo elephant is Elephas maximus borneensis. The African elephant goes by the scientific name Loxodonta Africana and is the largest land animal. It is also the only extant species in the genus Elephas. They inhabit grasslands, different types of forests and scrublands. ... and Kalimantan regions of Borneo. There are an estimated 1,000-1,600 individuals left and the largest population is found in the Lower Kinabatangan floodplain. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pongo pygmaeus Over the last 60 years, the population of Bornean orangutans has dropped by 50%. They belong to Elephantidae family. This type of elephant is also called Bush elephant. Borneo pygmy elephant Japanese Name: ボルネオゾウ Romanised Name: Boruneozou First Featured in: ? The full name is Borneo Elephant. Savannah Elephant has a lifespan of 60 to 70 years. This Borneo elephant migration typically takes place between the wet and dry seasons and issues arose once farms where engineered on the migratory routes of the Borneo elephant herds, because the Borneo elephants caused an excellent deal of destruction to the newly based farmland. They have long tails that sometimes touch the ground, relatively large ears, and straighter tusks. Plants grasses palm leaves and bananas. Until WWF began working in Borneo, no one had ever studied the Bornean elephant. Its scientific name is "Elephas maximus borneensis" it is a subspecies of the Asian Elephant. The scientific name of the Borneo elephant is Elephas maximus borneensis. Save the Borneo Pygmy Elephant. The Borneo elephant is a sub-species of Asian elephant which incorporates the Indian elephant, the Sumatran elephant, the Sri-Lanka elephant and therefore the Borneo elephant. Stats. Since separated from their cousins in mainland Asia and Sumatra about 300,000 years ago, … Borneo’s elephants are a high conservation priority, yet they remain the least-understood elephants in the world. What Is the Scientific Name for an Elephant? World Wildlife Fund today invited elephant lovers to help name a Borneo pygmy elephant that will be part of the first study ever conducted on the pint-sized pachyderms. Mammals of their size require large areas to find sufficient food. The Borneo pygmy elephant (or Bornean elephant) is one of four sub-species of the Asian Elephant. The Borneo pygmy elephant is also called Borneo elephant. They have smaller ears compared to African elephants but are still oversized as compared to their small stature. We’ve given it some thought and compiled a list. Scientific Name: Elephas maximus borneensis. The tropical rainforests of Borneo are one of the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth—home to pygmy elephants, Sumatran rhinos, orangutans and clouded leopards. Elephas maximus. What does the Borneo Pygmy elephant eat? The Asian or Asiatic elephant is the only living species of the genus Elephas and is distributed in Southeast Asia from India in the west to Borneo in the east. Loxodonte was proposed as generic name for the African elephant by Georges Cuvier in 1825. The origin of these elephants is a matter of debate, and there are claims that these elephants could have evolved from the captive elephants introduced to Borneo … The Asian elephant belongs to the genus Elephas and the family Elephantidae. Only some males display tusks, which are shorter and straighter than in the mainland elephants. Carl Linnaeus proposed the scientific name Elephas maximus in 1758 for an elephant from Ceylon. The other sub-species are- the Indian elephant, the Sumatran elephant and the Sri-Lanka elephant. How many Borneo Pygmy elephants are left? They also have a long tail, which in some individuals reaches all the way down to the ground. It can reach the height of 8.9 to 9.8 feet. The legs of elephants are unique, designed to support the weight of the largest terrestrial animal. As the name suggests, the Borneo elephant is found on the island of Borneo in Malaysia. [2] Description. Their presence on this southeastern Asian island has been a mystery. 15 The Borneo Pygmy Elephant Is Nowhere Near As Big As Their African Relatives. DNA evidence proved that these elephants were isolated about 300,000 years ago from their cousins on mainland Asia and Sumatra. African elephant classification is ongoing research. Listed as Endangered (under IUCN Red List). While they are also known as Borneo pygmy elephants due to their smaller size, at 8.2-9.8 feet tall, the Bornean elephant is the largest mammal on the island. The scientific name of the Borneo elephant is Elaphas maximus borneensis. They are smaller than African elephants. ... Borneo … Cultivated crops such as bananas, rice, and sugarcane are favorite foods. As the name suggests, the Borneo elephant is found on the island of Borneo in Malaysia. The solid lines on the map show country borders while the dotted line indicates the boundary between the Malaysian states o… Scientific Name of Elephant. 2-3 m. The smallest elephant in Asia, the Borneo, or otherwise known as Pygmy, elephant is a rather charming and adorable creature. Ongoing protection of forest in the Kinabatangan floodplain is a key conservation measure for the Bornean Elephant. Scientific Name. If you are visiting Borneo for wildlife watching this amazing animal is likely to be high on your wish list of things to see. View the cutest and most interesting Borneo Elephant pictures on the internet on AZ Animals. Stats. As you might already know, it is a Latin term meaning greatest or largest, which reflects the size of the … This is the smallest of all elephant subspecies. View our inclusive approach to conservation, Elephant collaring – protecting the giants of Sabah, Demand Under the Ban: China Ivory Consumption Research 2019, Factsheet: Demand under the Ban – China Ivory Consumption Research, Demand Under the Ban: China Ivory Consumption Research (2017). Many facts support this hypothesis, including no archaeological evidence of long term elephant habitation of Borneo, a corroboration in folklore and the lack of the elephants colonizing the entire island of Borneo. 1,500. Also known as the Borneo pygmy elephant, the Borneo elephant (Elephas maximus borneensis) is a subspecies of the Asian elephant and is native to northeastern Borneo, Indonesia, and Malaysia. Elephas maximus. The Borneo Pygmy Elephant is a fascinating creature, one that is as extremely incredible as it is critically endangered. The Bornean elephant is a subspecies of the Asian elephant that only exists in a small region of Borneo. Oregon Zoo, Portland has the elephant of Borneo in the United States, 17 female orphans Chendra call. The Borneo elephant is found in the northern and northeastern sections of the island of Borneo in Malaysia and Indonesia. 1250 24th Street, N.W. They are often seen dragging their tail on the floor while they walk. A definitive subspecific classification as Elephas maximus borneensis awaits a detailed range-wide morphometric and genetic study. Where does the Borneo Pygmy elephant live? The other sub-species are- the Indian elephant, the Sumatran elephant and the Sri-Lanka elephant. Maximus is the precise scientific name of the Asian elephant species. A definitive subspecific classification as Elephas maximus borneensis awaits a detailed range-wide morphometric and genetic study. To address the problem, WWF works with plantation managers and owners in key Bornean elephant habitat in an effort to create reforested wildlife corridors that allow elephants and other species to move freely between natural forests, which also leads to a reduction in human-elephant conflict. Common Name: Borneo Pygmy elephant (Eng) Gajah (Bahasa Malaysia) Nenek/Liman (Orang Sungai language) Scientific Name: Elephas maximus borneensis Habitat: Lowlands and valleys Status: Endangered Population: [Unknown] estimated to be less than 1,500 mostly in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. The eldest elephant of the Borneo elephant herd is accountable for memory the path of its Borneo elephant herd. By Scientific Name; By Class; By Location; Pictures; Favorites; Endangered; Reference; Blog; About; Search. In Asia, elephant herd sizes are significantly smaller than those of savannah elephants in Africa. By Staff Writer Last Updated Apr 9, 2020 8:07:14 PM ET. Its population is no bigger then a 1,000. Asian elephants around three million years ago and in their evolution process, they became smaller and undergone significant body changes. The primary threat to these elephants is the loss of continuous forests. Is the Borneo Pygmy elephant the most endangered Species in Borneo? All rights reserved. The Bornean Elephant is a subspecies of the Asian Elephant, physically and behaviourally different from the elephants of mainland Asia. This cute animal has a baby-like face, unusually large ears, plump belly and an extremely long tail, which occasionally drag on the ground while the animal walks. The Indian elephant is the most widely distributed of the four Asian elephant sub-species, Meaning it's popular. Once believed to be remnants of a domesticated herd given to the Sultan of Sulu in the 17th century, Bornean elephants were determined by WWF to be genetically different from other Asian elephants. The Borneo elephant is found in the northern and northeastern sections of the island of Borneo in Malaysia and Indonesia. Elephas indicus was proposed by Georges Cuvier in 1798, who described an elephant from India. They have smaller … They are considered very gentle and sometimes their … In Malaysia, Borneo's elephants are protected under Annex II of the enactment of the conservation of wildlife. Borneo Pygmy Elephant, as its name suggests, is an elephant species endemic to Borneo. And for good reason. Fun Facts. A small number live in Indonesian Kalimantan. Scientific Name: Elephas maximus. Common Name - Borneo Pygmy Elephant Scientific Name - Elephas maximus or sometimes Elephas maximus borneensis, although they have not been officially determined to be a separate subspecies from mainland Asian elephants Habitat - Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests Location - Sabah, Borneo (northeast tip of the island), Malaysia and occasionally into East … Borneo Elephant Information. There are three subspecies of Asian elephant – the Indian, Sumatran and Sri Lankan. View Original Borneo Elephant Image … Why is the Borneo Pygmy elephant endangered? Pronunciation of borneo pygmy elephant with 1 audio pronunciation, 10 translations and more for borneo pygmy elephant. Asian elephant Scientific name: Elephas maximus Subspecies: Indian, Sri Lankan and Sumatran Conservation status: Endangered. The behaviour of the Bornean Elephant is said to be much gentler and less aggressive than the mainland Asian Elephants, supporting the idea that they may be descended from a domesticated population. Check out my latest presentation built on emaze.com, where anyone can create & share professional presentations, websites and photo albums in minutes. The pygmy elephant has a limited distribution and is only found on the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. Refer to the Physical Characteristics section for in-depth differentiation between the three subspecies. The Sri Lankan elephant is the largest of all three Asian elephant subspecies. Location. Elephas is obviously the name of the elephant family that includes both African elephants and Asian elephants. This species is critically endangered. Where do we live? World Land Trust (WLT) has been supporting conservation measures in Kinabatangan since 2008, in partnership with Hutan and LEAP Spiral, two conservation organisations based in Malaysia. A definitive subspecific classification as Elephas maximus borneensis awaits a detailed range-wide morphometric and genetic study. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Panthera pardus orientalis ... With a gentle nature, oversized ears, plump bellies and a cute baby face, the Borneo pygmy elephant looks a lot like Dumbo. Start studying Borneo Pygmy elephant. Logging, expanding agriculture, and palm oil plantations are reducing contact between sub populations, as well as shrinking the forest area available for each sub-population. However, DNA tests show that the Borneo pygmy elephant is genetically different from the Asian elephant. Kingdom - Animalia Phylum - Chordata Class - Mammalia Order - Proboscidea Family - Elephantidae Genus - Elephas Species - Elephas Maximus. The Bornean elephant is a subspecies of the Asian elephant that only exists in a small region of Borneo. Preliminary genetic studies have indicated there are at least two subspecies of African elephants, namely the savanna (Loxodonta africana africana) and forest (Loxodonta africana cyclotis) e… They’re much smaller in size and their ears are straight at the bottom, unlike the large fan-shaped ears of the African species. Coenraad Jacob Temminck named an elephant from Sumatra Elephas sumatranus in 1847. The average height of the Borneo elephant is 8.2 – 9.8 feet. Other smaller species, especially small mammals, may not be able to re-colonize isolated patches of suitable habitat and thus will become locally extinct. However, genetic research has provided new insight to elephant "relatedness" and taxonomic classification at the subspecies level. The population is further limited to the northeast of Borneo. The best hope for the long-term survival of Borneo's elephants lies in sustainable forest management for timber production, since elephants can survive and breed in natural forests that are selectively logged. Known locally and commonly as ‘Bornean Pygmy Elephants’, they are about a fifth smaller than mainland Indian Elephants but similar in size to populations of Sumatra and the Malaysian Peninsula. The provisional list of mammals of Borneo (sensu Lord Medway, Payne et al., Corbet and Hill, Koopman, and Wilson and Reeder) are listed in the table below. In 2005, WWF successfully attached satellite collars to five elephants in different herds in the Malaysian state of Sabah. So, without further ado, let the countdown begin! Donations are tax-deductible as allowed by law. 3. Generally speaking, elephants are broadly classified as either Loxodonta africana, if African, or Elephas maximus, if Asian. This type of elephant is found in the northern and northeastern parts of the island of Borneo in Malaysia and Indonesia. The Borneo Pygmy Elephant is a fascinating creature, one that is as extremely incredible as it is critically endangered. #10 Smartest Animal on Earth: Raccoon Raccoon Reaches For Flower Raccoons may gravitate to the garbage, but they’re also super smart. The African Elephant population that once showed promising signs of recovery, could be at risk due to the recent surge in poaching for the illegal ivory trade. Trouvez les Borneo Elephant images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. Common Name: Borneo Pygmy elephant (Eng) Gajah (Bahasa Malaysia) Nenek/Liman (Orang Sungai language) Scientific Name: Elephas maximus borneensis Habitat: Lowlands and valleys Status: Endangered Population: [Unknown] estimated to be less than 1,500 mostly in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo To confuse matters further, the Borneo elephant, an Asian elephant subspecies, is classified as Elephas maximus borneensis (“greatest elephant of Borneo”) and is also known as the Borneo pygmy elephant. Status. Their average life expectancy is in the range of 60 – 75 years. © 2021 World Wildlife Fund. Take a closer look at these encyclopedia books including information about animal habitats, behavior, and scientific classification. Habitat loss. Borneo elephants have pretty long tails. The average height of the Borneo elephant is 8.2 – 9.8 feet. The Bornean Elephant is found in the Lower Kinabatangan floodplain in the state of Sabah, Malaysian Borneo and, occasionally, in the Indonesian state of East Kalimantan. For example, traps set by the local community to catch smaller mammals are located and trampled by elephants and any part of a settlement that encroaches into their forest is in danger of destruction. Once believed to be remnants of a domesticated herd given to the Sultan of Sulu in the 17th century, Bornean elephants were determined by WWF to be genetically different from other Asian elephants. The Borneo Pygmy Elephant species and other Asian elephant's endangerment is mainly due to the threats of habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation of their habitats. Borneo Elephant Scientific Name. m. maximus from Sri Lanka, the E. m. indicus from mainland Asia, and E. m. sumatranus from the island of Sumatra. Known locally and commonly as ‘Bornean Pygmy Elephants’, they are about a fifth smaller than mainland Indian Elephants but similar in size to populations of Sumatra and the Malaysian Peninsula. Pygmy elephant range in Borneo. More than two-thirds of an elephant's day may be spent feeding on grasses, but it also eats large amounts of tree bark, roots, leaves, and small stems. However, genetic research has found that subspecies exist in both groups and the scientific, or taxonomic, name is therefore not so simple to discern. The scientific name of this elephant is Loxodonta africana. Washington, DC 20037. M.U.Leh, The Sarawak Museum Journal Vol LXIII No.84, Extinct Javan elephants may have been rediscovered – in Borneo. It has a total population of about 1,500 individuals. The Borneo elephant is additionally referred to as the pygmy elephant because it is that the smallest of the elephant … New oil palm plantations in the area mean more human settlements, with some people setting illegal snares to catch small game. They had separated from their close relatives i.e. The Savannah Elephant is considered to be the larger of the two species of elephants found in Africa. WWF® and ©1986 Panda Symbol are owned by WWF. The Borneo pygmy elephant is also called Borneo elephant. Its habitat is Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests on Sabah, Borneo and sometimes on East Kalimantan, Indonesia. In the last 40 years, Sabah has lost 60% of its elephant habitat to cultivation. There are various conflicts in the taxonomic lists by previous authors, which need further field research for validation. Generally they are found in lowland forest, which in the Kinabatangan is seasonally inundated with floodwaters. It is now thought that these elephants might be descendants of a population of Javan elephants, brought over to Borneo by the Sultan of Sulu. Asian elephants, meanwhile, are classified as Elephas maximus maximus if from Sri Lanka, Elephas maximus indicus if from the mainland, Elephas maximus borneensis if from Borneo and Elephas maximus samatranus if from Sumatra. The adult elephant has baby-like face with large ears. They are cutest elephants with baby faces. Species: Borneo Pygmy Elephant Scientific Name: Elephas Maximus Borneensis Status: Endangered Habitat: Forests Population: Approximately 1,500. In the Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary, it is estimated that 20 percent of resident elephants have sustained injuries from these snares. This map covers the distribution for all Asian Elephants. The smallest Asian elephant subspecies, Bornean elephants are distinctly smaller than their mainland cousins. All Animals; Animal Lists. The scientific name of the Asian elephant is Elephas maximus, which translates to “greatest elephant,” a name that may be misleading, as African elephants are actually larger. The Asian or Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus) is the only living species of the genus Elephas and is distributed in Southeast Asia from India in the west to Borneo in the east. Diet -- grasses, leaves, fruit Until recently it was thought there were only two living elephant species, the African elephant and the smaller Asian elephant. The collaring is part of the first scientific research ever conducted on this little-understood population.Tracking data has provided insight into the movement of these elephants and their use of the forests. Dr. Christy Williams of WWF places a radio collar with GPS and satellite tracking technology on a Bornean elephant. The Indian has the widest range and accounts for the majority of the remaining elephants on the continent. The Borneo elephant, also called the Borneo pygmy elephant, is a subspecies of Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) that inhabits northeastern Borneo, in Indonesia and Malaysia. Today, WWF continues to collar and monitor the movement of these endangered mammals in order to reduce human-wildlife conflict and inform conservation actions. The Bornean population is marked ‘origin uncertain’ for reasons explained below. Borneo pygmy elephant is the smallest subspecies of Asian elephants. How to say borneo pygmy elephant in English? Toggle Navigation Main Menu. The Borneo elephant, also called the Borneo pygmy elephant, inhabits northeastern Borneo, in Indonesia and Malaysia.Its origin remains the subject of debate. There is continued debate on the status of the Bornean Elephant, which has been genetically distinct from the mainland species for more than 300,000 years. Classification. Learn more about the African elephant, as well as the threats this species faces, what WWF is doing to protect its future, and how you can help. What are the 10 smartest animals on Earth? Save the Borneo Pygmy Elephant. Elephants are able to swim very well and will cross river barriers in order to move through their home ranges. The large blocks of forests they require are fragmented by encroachment and conversion of natural forests to commercial plantations. Thus the Borneo elephant actually may be the extinct Javan elephant. Current Status . Scientific Name. According to National Geographic, African elephants can grow to a height of 13 feet and a weight of seven tons. The scientific name for this mammal is Loxodonta. Sumatran elephants play a vital part in maintaining ecosystems, as they feed on a variety of plants and deposit the seeds as they travel. While they are also known as Borneo pygmy elephants due to their smaller size, at 8.2-9.8 feet tall, the Bornean elephant is the largest mammal on the island. The Borneo Pygmy Elephant species and other Asian elephant's endangerment is mainly due to the threats of habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation of their habitats. Elephas maximus borneensis. The Elephant Conservation Unit of WWF-Malaysia uses collaring to learn more about the elephants in Sabah. This article is divided into two parts. Its origin remains the subject of debate. Frequent contact with people, increasing human-elephant conflict in the genus Elephas and the family Elephantidae these snares Kinabatangan! Pictures on the internet on AZ Animals cultivated crops such as bananas,,... Chordata Class - Mammalia Order - Proboscidea family - Elephantidae genus - Elephas species - Elephas species - species! 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Learn more about the elephants into more frequent contact with people, increasing human-elephant conflict the! In different herds in the Kinabatangan floodplain is a key Conservation measure for the majority of Asian. More frequent contact with people, increasing human-elephant conflict in the last 40 years, Borneo. Of their size require large areas to find sufficient Food elephant goes by the name! Yet they remain the least-understood elephants in Sabah a small region of Borneo Southeast.